Blog Archive


Group offers new programming on West Bloomfield history

Among the virtual events the Greater West Bloomfield Historical Society has scheduled this year is a Roosevelt School 100th anniversary open house in October. The school is located in Keego Harbor.

 The Greater West Bloomfield Historical Society and West Bloomfield Parks have teamed up for some virtual programming events this year. One of the events scheduled for November is “D-Day: The Most Important Day in 2,000 Years.”

The Greater West Bloomfield Historical Society and West Bloomfield Parks have teamed up for some virtual programming events this year. One of the events scheduled for November is “D-Day: The Most Important Day in 2,000 Years.”

Photo provided by Cory Taylor

 In November, the Greater West Bloomfield Historical Society will present a virtual program on the 19th Amendment and women’s right to vote.

In November, the Greater West Bloomfield Historical Society will present a virtual program on the 19th Amendment and women’s right to vote.

Photo provided by Cory Taylor

WEST BLOOMFIELD — In a “step toward normalcy” during the COVID-19 pandemic, the Greater West Bloomfield Historical Society has positioned itself to continue to keep history alive for local residents via virtual programming.

At a July board meeting, GWBHS President Gina Gregory brought up the idea, and according to Cory Taylor,

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computer | History, Networking, Operating Systems, & Facts

Computer, device for processing, storing, and displaying information.

Computer once meant a person who did computations, but now the term almost universally refers to automated electronic machinery. The first section of this article focuses on modern digital electronic computers and their design, constituent parts, and applications. The second section covers the history of computing. For details on computer architecture, software, and theory, see computer science.

Computing basics

The first computers were used primarily for numerical calculations. However, as any information can be numerically encoded, people soon realized that computers are capable of general-purpose information processing. Their capacity to handle large amounts of data has extended the range and accuracy of weather forecasting. Their speed has allowed them to make decisions about routing telephone connections through a network and to control mechanical systems such as automobiles, nuclear reactors, and robotic surgical tools. They are also

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A Look at the History of Computers

Before the age of electronics, the closest thing to a computer was the abacus, although, strictly speaking, the abacus is actually a calculator since it requires a human operator. Computers, on the other hand, perform calculations automatically by following a series of built-in commands called software.

In the 20th century, breakthroughs in technology allowed for the ever-evolving computing machines that we now depend upon so totally, we practically never give them a second thought. But even prior to the advent of microprocessors and supercomputers, there were certain notable scientists and inventors who helped lay the groundwork for the technology that’s since drastically reshaped every facet of modern life.

The Language Before the Hardware

The universal language in which computers carry out processor instructions originated in the 17th century in the form of the binary numerical system. Developed by German philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, the system came about

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Computer programming history

Year Event 1843 Ada Lovelace is credited as being the first person to describe or write a computer program. In 1843, she described an algorithm to compute Bernoulli numbers using the Analytical Engine. 1889 The Hollerith tabulating machine was invented by Herman Hollerith in 1889, allowing for data to be programmatically counted and tabulated. 1956 One of the first programming languages, FORTRAN, was introduced to the public on October 15, 1956. It was developed by John Backus and others at IBM. 1958 The second-oldest programming language, LISP was developed by John McCarthy and was first used in 1958. 1959 COBOL started being developed in 1959 by Grace Hopper and Bob Bemer. 1964 The original BASIC programming language was developed by John Kemeny, Mary Keller, and Thomas Kurtz, and was introduced to the public on May 1, 1964. 1965 Simula is considered the first ever object-oriented programming language, developed around 1965
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Event-Driven Programming: Introduction, Tutorial, History

In late 2005, I was trying to learn event-driven programming. I searched
the Web for an explanation of the basic concepts of event-driven programming, but I
couldn’t find one. So I wrote one. I hope it will help you in your attempt to learn
event-driven programming.

You can download the paper HERE.

It is available in both PDF format and in Microsoft
Word format. I make it available in Microsoft Word format so that it will be
easy to translate or subset the document, complete with embedded

This document is finalized and no longer being actively maintained, but if you wish
you can leave a review.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 License.

The Creative Commons Attribution License gives you permission to do
virtually anything you want with this work, including copying all or part of
it, distributing it, and making derived works (including translations)

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History of Computers – Long, Long Ago

History of Computers – Long, Long Ago

Definition of a Computer
Simplest definition of a computer: A device that processes input and generates

Key words:

  • Input
  • Output
  • Processes
  • Information

Modern Computers are electronic, complex, and interactive, but can be reduced
to simple input-output processing devices


History of Computers: 3000 BC to Present

History of Computers – Long, Long Ago
The Abacus

  • beads on rods to count and calculate
  • still widely used in Asia!


History of Computers – Way Back When
The Slide Rule 1630

  • based on Napier’s rules for logarithms
  • used until 1970s



History of Computers – 19th Century
Jacquard Loom

  • used metal cards with punched holes to guide weaving process
  • first stored program – metal cards
  • first computer manufacturing
  • still in use today!



Charles Babbage – 1792-1871
Difference Engine c.1822

  • huge calculator, never finished

Analytical Engine 1833

  • could store numbers
  • calculating “mill” used punched metal cards for instructions
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A Brief History of the Internet

A Brief History
of the Internet


Internet History Timeline: ARPANET to the World Wide Web

Credit for the initial concept that developed into the World Wide Web is typically given to Leonard Kleinrock. In 1961, he wrote about ARPANET, the predecessor of the Internet, in a paper entitled “Information Flow in Large Communication Nets.” Kleinrock, along with other innnovators such as J.C.R. Licklider, the first director of the Information Processing Technology Office (IPTO), provided the backbone for the ubiquitous stream of emails, media, Facebook postings and tweets that are now shared online every day. Here, then, is a brief history of the Internet:

The precursor to the Internet was jumpstarted in the early days of computing history, in 1969 with the U.S. Defense Department’s Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET). ARPA-funded researchers developed many of the protocols used for Internet communication today. This timeline offers a brief history of the Internet’s evolution:

1965: Two computers at MIT Lincoln Lab communicate with one another using packet-switching

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History of Computers – A Brief Timeline of Their Evolution

The computer was born not for entertainment or email but out of a need to solve a serious number-crunching crisis. By 1880, the U.S. population had grown so large that it took more than seven years to tabulate the U.S. Census results. The government sought a faster way to get the job done, giving rise to punch-card based computers that took up entire rooms.

Today, we carry more computing power on our smartphones than was available in these early models. The following brief history of computing is a timeline of how computers evolved from their humble beginnings to the machines of today that surf the Internet, play games and stream multimedia in addition to crunching numbers.

1801: In France, Joseph Marie Jacquard invents a loom that uses punched wooden cards to automatically weave fabric designs. Early computers would use similar punch cards.

1822: English mathematician Charles Babbage conceives

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Brief History of the Internet

The original ARPANET grew into the Internet. Internet was based on the idea that there would be multiple independent networks of rather arbitrary design, beginning with the ARPANET as the pioneering packet switching network, but soon to include packet satellite networks, ground-based packet radio networks and other networks. The Internet as we now know it embodies a key underlying technical idea, namely that of open architecture networking. In this approach, the choice of any individual network technology was not dictated by a particular network architecture but rather could be selected freely by a provider and made to interwork with the other networks through a meta-level “Internetworking Architecture”. Up until that time there was only one general method for federating networks. This was the traditional circuit switching method where networks would interconnect at the circuit level, passing individual bits on a synchronous basis along a portion of an end-to-end circuit between

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